Rechtsextremistische Fahnen auf einer Demonstration zur Illustration des Arbeitsfeldes „Rechtsextremismus“

Right-wing extremist crimes and violent offences

The enormous rise in right-wing extremist violence and the increasing acceptance of right-wing extremism were two developments characterizing the past year. The increasing number of refugees led to anti-asylum agitation which became the dominant topic of 2015. This agitation is marked by its right-wing extremist nature and the acceptance of violence and militancy among parts of the population.

In 2015, the total number of crimes (21,933) and acts of violence (1,408) motivated by right-wing extremism considerably increased compared to the previous year. Acts of violence increased by 42.2%. Most offences involved causing bodily harm.

Since the introduction of the definition of “politically motivated crime” on 1 January 2001, the number of 918 xenophobic acts of violence is the largest one registered. The previous maximum (512) had been reached only the year before and was clearly exceeded. 252 (2014: 139) acts of violence were committed against left-wing extremists or supposed left-wing extremists and 82 (2014: 60) against other political opponents. The number of acts of violence motivated by anti-Semitism remained almost constant at 29 (2014: 31).

Three aspects of the developments regarding acts of violence are particularly worth noting:

  • There are indications of organised violence up to first signs of right-wing terrorist structures.

  • Xenophobic acts of violence are also committed by individuals outside right-wing extremist structures.

  • The range of victims is expanding (politicians, police officers, journalists, members of refugee organisations, etc.).

Even though the use of violence by right-wing extremists is typically spontaneous, it has the overall effect of strategic violence.

The massively increased number of right-wing extremist attacks against accommodation centres for asylum seekers is striking: According to the Bundeskriminalamt (BKA, Federal Criminal Office), a total of 894 right-wing extremist crimes (2014: 170) were committed, of which 153 were acts of violence (2014: 25).

In 2015, the number of right-wing extremist arson attacks staged against accommodation centres for asylum applicants also increased to 75 (2014: 5). This means that more than half of all arson attacks motivated by right-wing extremism were directed against housing for asylum seekers. According to a preliminary assessment, the vast majority of criminal offences were committed spontaneously by individuals living in the immediate vicinity. However, some violent offences show a high level of preparation and planning.

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Anti-terrorist Hotline: +49(0)221/ 792-3366

Anti-terrorist Hotline: +49(0)221/ 792-3366

Publications

2017 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

2017 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

DOI: July 2018
Further information Download
How can I identify extremists and members of foreign secret services within my environment? - Important information for refugees in Germany

How can I identify extremists and members of foreign secret services within my environment? - Important information for refugees in Germany

DOI: March 2018
Further information Download
2016 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

2016 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

DOI: July 2017
Further information Download
Our topics – Facts to know

Our topics – Facts to know

DOI: January 2017
Further information Download
Industry 4.0 – Challenges of a new technology

Industry 4.0 – Challenges of a new technology

DOI: January 2017
Further information Download
Social media – Risks posed by social networks

Social media – Risks posed by social networks

DOI: March 2016
Further information Download