Zwei maskierte, bewaffnete Islamisten vor dem Schwarzen Banner zur Illustration des Arbeitsfelds „Islamismus“, Keyvisual Islamismus

What is Islamism?

Islamism in Germany is no uniform phenomenon. One characteristic feature common to all of its forms is the abuse of the Islam religion for the Islamists' political objectives and purposes.

According to Islamist ideology, there is a divine order which society and the state have to subordinate to. This interpretation of Islam contradicts the Free Democratic Basic Order in Germany, especially violating the following democratic principles: the separation of state and religion, the people's sovereignty, gender equality, and religious and sexual self-determination.

The various forms of Islamism do not only differ in their ideological premises, but also with regard to the means they use to achieve their objectives. Groupings such as the "Islamische Gemeinschaft Millî Görüş e.V." (IGMG – Islamic Community Millî Görüş, regd. assoc.) reject violence. They try to use political means in order to enable their members in Germany to live in conformity with Islam, as they see it.

In contrast, organisations like HAMAS and Hezbollah – that primarily focus on their regions of origin – advocate violence as a possible means, which they actually use in these regions of origin.

Salafism is a particularly radical movement of Islamism. Salafists try to practise the Islam of the first three Muslim generations – the so-called "pious forefathers" (as/salaf as/salih) without adjusting it to our times. The Salafist spectrum in Germany ranges from political Salafists, who reject violence at least in Germany, to jihadist Salafists, who are generally in favour of violence and also use it. There is no clear dividing line between the two groups.

Islamist terrorists, who are also called jihadists, propagate and apply terrorist violence as the principal means of achieving their objectives. The most important Islamist/terrorist organisations are Islamic State in Syria and Iraq as well as al-Qaeda and its regional affiliates.

  • Salafist efforts

    Koranexemplare der 21. Auflage in verschiedenen Sprachen

    In Germany as well as at international level Salafism is currently being regarded as the most dynamic Islamist movement. For years there has been a continual increase in the number of Salafist adherents in Germany. Whereas the number of Salafists in Germany... Further information

  • Jihadism as an ideology of violence – The abuse of Islam for terrorist purposes

    Screenshot IS-Propagandavideo

    For some time now, the BfV has noticed a process of increasingly fast radicalisation, particularly among young Muslims. This process sometimes even includes the willingness to use violence and to participate in terrorist attacks in Germany and abroad... Further information

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Anti-terrorist Hotline: +49(0)221/ 792-3366

Anti-terrorist Hotline: +49(0)221/ 792-3366

Publications

2017 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

2017 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

DOI: Juli 2018
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How can I identify extremists and members of foreign secret services within my environment? - Important information for refugees in Germany

How can I identify extremists and members of foreign secret services within my environment? - Important information for refugees in Germany

DOI: März 2018
Further information Download
2016 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

2016 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

DOI: Juli 2017
Further information Download
Our topics – Facts to know

Our topics – Facts to know

DOI: Januar 2017
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Industry 4.0 – Challenges of a new technology

Industry 4.0 – Challenges of a new technology

DOI: Januar 2017
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Social media – Risks posed by social networks

Social media – Risks posed by social networks

DOI: März 2016
Further information Download