Foto einer Demonstration zum kurdischen Frühjahrsfest Newroz zur Illustration des Arbeitsfelds „Ausländerextremismus“

Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)

Logo der PKKLogo of the PKK

In Germany, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) has been subject to a ban imposed on its activities since 1993. It has about 14,500 adherents. The organisation aims at gaining more political and cultural autonomy for the Kurdish people in their countries of origin, particularly in Turkey. There and in Northern Iraq, it maintains guerrilla units, the so-called People's Defence Forces (HPG).

Banner der Volksverteidigungskräfte (HPG)Banner of the People's Defence Forces (HPG)

As already proclaimed by the PKK on the occasion of former ceasefires, this time, too, the HPG has reserved a right to take defensive and retaliatory measures. Although the military clashes – particularly intensive in 2012 – between PKK fighters and Turkish security forces have significantly decreased since the proclamation of the peace process, isolated cases of armed clashes have continued to occur between adherents of both sides. Thus, the HPG probably wants to convincingly demonstrate its persistent operational commitment and readiness.

Logo von Komalên Ciwan (Kurdische Jugend)Logo of Komalên Ciwan (Kurdish youth)

Since the summer of 2014, PKK adherents have used the advance of the Islamist terrorist organisation Islamic State (IS) in Northern Iraq and in Syria – especially towards the Northern Syrian city of Kobanê – as an opportunity to carry out numerous protest actions. While many of these protests went off peacefully, several events were accompanied by violent clashes between protesters and both the police and Islamists.

There is a generally high potential for aggression and confrontation between PKK adherents and right-wing extremist Turks in Germany, which may well trigger spontaneous violent clashes.

The PKK remains the most powerful extremist organisation of foreigners in Germany. It is in a position to mobilise individuals far beyond the closer circle of its following. Besides, its cadre structures allow a quick implementation of new strategic and tactical guidelines, also in what refers to its possibly carrying out militant forms of action. Even though the PKK continues to attach priority to peaceful events to be staged in Europe, violence remains one option of its ideology. This is clearly illustrated not least by the recruitment of individuals for the guerrilla.

Newroz-Feierlichkeiten in Frankfurt 2019Newroz celebrations in Frankfurt 2019 Newroz-Feierlichkeiten in Frankfurt 2019Newroz celebrations in Frankfurt 2019
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Anti-terrorist Hotline: +49(0)221/ 792-3366

Anti-terrorist Hotline: +49(0)221/ 792-3366

Publications

2019 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

2019 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

DOI: July 2020
Further information Download PDF File
2018 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

2018 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

DOI: June 2019
Further information Download PDF File
Cyber attacks controlled by intelligence services

Cyber attacks controlled by intelligence services

DOI: May 2018
Further information Download PDF File
2017 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

2017 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

DOI: July 2018
Further information Download PDF File
How can I identify extremists and members of foreign secret services within my environment? - Important information for refugees in Germany

How can I identify extremists and members of foreign secret services within my environment? - Important information for refugees in Germany

DOI: March 2018
Further information Download PDF File
2016 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

2016 Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Facts and Trends)

DOI: July 2017
Further information Download PDF File